1941 Odessa massacre


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In January , about , of the Jews left in Odessa were evicted and sent to the ghetto created on January 10, in the poor area of Slobodka. The evicted were there in conditions of incredible crowding; there was not enough housing for everyone, people were in the open air in the winter, which led to a mass mortality from hypothermia.

From January 12 to February 20, , the remaining 19, Jews were deported to the Bereza district of the Odessa region. They were transported in unheated echelons — many died on the road.

In Berezovka parties were made, which went on foot to Orphanage, Domanevka , Bogdanovka, Golta and other concentration camps. Many people did not get there; dying of hunger and cold along the way. The guards, which consisted of Romanian soldiers and German colonists, organized, during the journey, mass executions of Jews. In 18 months almost all the prisoners of Golta died. There were also Jews who were sent to work in the villages: The situation in the ghetto of Domanevka and other ghettos in Transnistria improved in after the Jews began to receive assistance from Jewish organizations in Romania.

Several hundred Jews who were hiding in Odessa itself also survived. Jews participated in the struggle of the Odessa underground and constituted a significant part of the guerrilla units, based in the Odessa catacombs. For these crimes, they were sentenced to death. The first two were shot on July 1, Later, King Michael commutted the death penalty sentence with life imprisonment for General Macici. In response to the appeal of the verdict filed by the son of Gheorghe Alexianu, on November 5, , Bucharest Court of Appeal confirmed the verdict of war criminals to death, dated May 17, In response to the appeal filed by the Prosecutor General, on May 6, the case was re-examined and the judges of the High Court of Cassation and Justice finally rejected the application for revision of the sentence.

In the early s, in Odessa, in the Prokhorovsky Square, in the very place where the "road of death" of Odessa Jews and Gypsies to the extermination camps began on the outskirts of the city in , a memorial commemorating the victims of the Holocaust began.

A memorial sign was installed. Later, he added the "Alley of the Righteous Among the World " - with trees, each of which was planted in honor of the Odessa resident, who harbored and saved the Jews. The monument to the victims of the Holocaust in Odessa by sculptor Zurab Tsereteli , which is the completion of the design of the complex, was opened in The Museum of the Holocaust in Odessa was created in accordance with the decision of the Council of the Odessa Regional Association of Jews - former prisoners of the ghetto and Nazi concentration camps.

The chairman of the association is Shvartsman Roman. The opening of the museum took place on June 22, In January , the authorities of the Italian town of Cheriano-Lagetto, in the province of Monza-e-Brianza , in the Lombardy region , decided to name one of the squares of the city opposite the Main post office "Martyrs Square of Odessa" in memory of the victims of the occupation regimes in Odessa - Jews killed October 22—24, , as well as anti-Maidan , rescuers and accidental victims who died on May 2, in the Odessa Trade Union House during the political crisis in Ukraine.

On May 2, , on the first anniversary of the events in the House of Trade Unions, a commemorative monument dedicated to the "Martyrs of Odessa" was opened on this square.

The monument is a tongue of flame with a silhouette of a dove, a symbol of the world, inside them. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gendarmerie Lieutenant Colonel Mihail Niculescu.

Odessa Lieutenant Colonel M. Museum of the Holocaust - victims of fascism, Odessa. Retrieved 13 May Historical Destiny, Tolerance, Integration, Marginalisation".

Retrieved 14 May An outline of the history of the city-hero to the th anniversary of the foundation. Association of Jewish Organizations and Communities of Ukraine.

Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 29 May Russian Academy of Arts. The Holocaust in Ukraine. Bogdanovka Drohobych Ghetto Syrets concentration camp Vapniarka concentration camp. Priest's Grotto Syrets inmate revolt. Einsatzgruppen trial Extraordinary Soviet State Commission.

Babi Yar memorials List of Babi Yar victims. Massacres or pogroms against Jews. Reinhard Heydrich Ernst Kaltenbrunner. Retrieved from " https: Coordinates on Wikidata Interlanguage link template link number Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Views Read Edit View history. For larger events, you must select the members you'd like to invite. Keep in mind that if someone removes themselves from a group event, they can't be added again.

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