Retrieved from " https: Retrieved 14 May
XE Currency Data API
The graphic symbol in the first column will always be visible, but the symbols in the other columns may or may not be available, depending on which fonts are installed on your computer. Note that of the two fonts used above, only Code is complete. The other fonts have missing elements , which will appear as hollow boxes. No currency symbol is a hollow box; a hollow box always means that a font does not contain a symbol for that currency.
If you have both fonts installed, you may notice that the symbols vary slightly in design from one font to another. This is normal, as there are often multiple accepted ways of rendering a currency symbol. For example, in the United States, the dollar sign is sometimes rendered with two vertical lines, and sometimes with one, both of which are acceptable. However, in most other parts of the world, a dollar sign with two vertical lines is never used.
The reform included the demonetisation of the cruzeiro real and required a massive banknote replacement. At its introduction, the real was defined to be equal to 1 unidade real de valor URV, "real value unit" a non-circulating currency unit.
At the same time the URV was defined to be worth cruzeiros reais, which was the average exchange rate of the U.
As a consequence, the real was worth exactly one U. Combined with all previous currency changes in the country's history, this reform made the new real equal to 2. Soon after its introduction, the real unexpectedly gained value against the U. Between and the exchange rate was tightly controlled by the Central Bank of Brazil , so that the real depreciated slowly and smoothly in relation to the dollar, dropping from near 1: In January the deterioration of the international markets, disrupted by the Russian default , forced the Central Bank, under its new president Arminio Fraga , to float the exchange rate.
Many Brazilians feared another default on government debts or a resumption of heterodox economic policies, and rushed to exchange their reais into tangible assets or foreign currencies. The crisis subsided once Lula took office, after he, his finance minister Antonio Palocci , and Arminio Fraga reaffirmed their intention to continue the orthodox macroeconomic policies of his predecessor including inflation-targeting, primary fiscal surplus and floating exchange rate , as well as continued payments of the public debt.
The exchange rate as of September was BRL 4. Along with the first series of currency, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10 and 50 centavos and 1 real; the 25 centavos piece soon followed. All were struck in stainless steel. The original 1-real coins, produced only in , were withdrawn from circulation on 23 December ;  all other coins remain legal tender. In , a second series of coins was introduced.
It featured copper-plated steel coins of 1 and 5 centavos, brass -plated steel coins of 10 and 25 centavos, a cupronickel 50 centavos coin, and a bi-coloured brass and cupronickel coin of 1 real.
However, from onwards, steel was used for the 50 centavos coin and the central part of the 1 real coin. In November , the Central Bank discontinued the production of 1 centavo coins, but the existing ones continue to be legal tender.
Retailers now generally round their prices to the next 5 or 10 centavos. The Brazilian Central Bank has also issued special commemorative versions of some coins on special occasions. These coins are legal tender and differ from the standard ones only on the reverse side.
In , banknotes were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50 and reais. These were followed by 2 reais in and 20 reais in On 31 December , BCB discontinued the production of the 1 real banknote. On 3 February , the Central Bank of Brazil announced a new series of the real banknotes which would begin to be released in April The new design added security enhancements in an attempt to reduce counterfeiting. The notes have different sizes according to their values to help vision-impaired people.
The changes were made reflecting the growth of the Brazilian economy and the need for a stronger and safer currency. The new banknotes began to enter circulation in December , coexisting with the older ones. In April , in commemoration of the th anniversary of the Portuguese arrival on Brazilian shores, the Brazilian Central Bank released a polymer 10 real banknote that circulates along with the other banknotes above. The Brazilian Mint printed million of these notes, which at the time accounted for about half of the 10 real banknotes in circulation.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the modern Brazilian currency unit. For the currency of Brazil from the colonial period to , see Brazilian real old. For other uses, see BRL disambiguation. Date Rate 1. Retrieved 10 January Casa de Moeda do Brasil.
Archived from the original on 16 January The Unicode Standard, Version 6. Retrieved 19 September Triennial Central Bank Survey. Bank for International Settlements. Retrieved 22 March Historical currencies of Brazil.