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Der fünfte Platz mit 92 Punkten war dabei lange Griechenlands beste Platzierung und höchste Punktzahl. Foreign relations of Greece. Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and all but Midas agreed with the judgment. The first of these revolts began on 6 March in the Danubian Principalities under the leadership of Alexandros Ypsilantis , but it was soon put down by the Ottomans.

Destination Greek Varietals

Griechenland nahm zum ersten Mal am Eurovision Song Contest teil. Mit Platz 11 von 17 wurde allerdings nur ein mäßiges Ergebnis erreicht.

Aus diesem Grund musste das Land dann beim Wettbewerb aussetzen. Im Jahre verzichtete das Land dann zum ersten Mal seit wieder freiwillig auf eine Teilnahme. Im Jahre kehrte das Land dann zum Wettbewerb zurück. Mit Punkten holten sie zudem eine neue Höchstpunktzahl für das Land beim Wettbewerb. Die Interpreten von und konnten allerdings nicht an diesen Erfolg anknüpfen und holten jeweils nur Platz Ab ging es für Griechenland dann aber steil bergauf und das Land wurde zu einem der erfolgreichsten Länder im Wettbewerb.

Mit Punkten holte er zudem eine neue Höchstpunktzahl für Griechenland im Wettbewerb. Bis heute ist es die höchste jemals erreichte Punktzahl für Griechenland im Wettbewerb. Im Folgejahr richtete Griechenland dann den Wettbewerb aus. Anna Vissi, die bereits für Griechenland startete, konnte mit Platz 9 dann wieder ein gutes Ergebnis für das Land erzielen. Im Finale erreichte sie dann mit Platz 3 eine weitere erfolgreiche Platzierung für Griechenland.

Auch konnte Sakis Rouvas, der bereits Platz 3 für Griechenland holte, mit Platz 7 sich einen Platz unter den besten Zehn sichern. Dies stellt einen bis heute ungebrochenen Rekord seit der Einführung der Halbfinals im Wettbewerb dar. Umso schlimmer war es, dass Griechenland nur Platz 17 erreichte, womit das schlechteste Ergebnis seit neun Jahren erreicht wurden. Zudem wurden sie im Halbfinale Zweiter. Seit ist diese erfolgreiche Zeit für Griechenland allerdings vorbei.

Die Band Argo konnte sich nicht für das Finale qualifizieren, womit das Land zum ersten Mal nicht das Finale erreichte. Damit verloren sie den Rekord, sich bei jeder Teilnahme seit für das Finale qualifiziert zu haben.

Somit bleiben nur noch Australien und die Ukraine übrig, die bei jeder Teilnahme das Finale erreicht haben. Argo holte aber auch die bis heute schlechteste Platzierung für Griechenland im Wettbewerb. Trotz dieses Misserfolges nahm das Land auch teil. Die Sängerin Demy sollte Griechenland zu alten Erfolgen zurückführen. Aber auch sie holte im Finale mit Platz 19 eine weitere enttäuschende Platzierung, nach dem sie sich mit Platz 10 im Halbfinale nur knapp für das Finale qualifizieren konnte.

Allerdings ging dieser Versuch nach hinten los. Griechenland schied zum bereits zweiten Mal im Halbfinale aus. Kurioserweise schied Griechenland immer nur dann im Halbfinale aus, wenn es Tschechien ins Finale schaffte, somit fand noch nie ein ESC-Finale mit beiden Ländern zusammen statt.

Insgesamt landeten also 20 von den 39 Beiträge in der linken Tabellenhälfte. Dazu verpasste das Land bisher nur zweimal das Finale , und wurde noch nie Letzter. Mit einem Sieg und drei dritten Plätzen , , gehört das Land, trotz der eher schwachen Phase in den letzten Jahren, zu den erfolgreichsten Teilnehmern im Wettbewerb.

In vielen Jahren wurden die griechischen Beiträge ohne Vorausscheidung vom Rundfunk ausgewählt: In allen anderen Jahren fand eine Vorentscheidung statt. Der Fall ist insofern interessant, da zunächst eine aufwändige Castingshow stattfand, deren Sieger Apostolos Psichramis war.

Zwischen sechs und zehn Kandidaten stellten je ein Lied vor. Der Sieger wurde durch eine Jury meist gemischt aus Laien und Experten ermittelt. Der Unterschied zu früheren Vorentscheiden bestand darin, dass die Lieder nicht mehr live, sondern in Form vorher aufgezeichneter Videoclips vorgestellt wurden. Abgestimmt hat weiterhin eine Jury. In insgesamt acht Vorrunden wurden je drei Titel vorgestellt, wobei sich jeweils der beste für das Final qualifizierte. Zunächst wählte eine Jury eine Auswahl der Titel in die Endrunde, in welcher der Sieger per Televoting ermittelt wurde.

Abgestimmt wurde erneut per Jury und Televoting. Der griechische Vorentscheid fand am März statt und von ursprünglich neun Teilnehmern traten nur sieben letztendlich an. Der Vorentscheid kam vor allem aufgrund der schlechten Produktion in die Kritik: Schlechte Ausleuchtung, mangelnde Moderationskenntnisse bei der Gastgeberin und das Fehlen eines Publikums wurden kritisiert.

Aufgrund weiterer Budgetkürzungen fand der Vorentscheid am Von den vier Teilnehmern konnte sich Eleftheria Eleftheriou durchsetzen und vertrat das Land in Baku mit dem Song Aphrodisiac , wo sie Februar in Athen statt. Agathonas setzten sich mit dem Lied Alcohol is Free gegen drei griechische Mitbewerber durch. Jubiläums von Griechenlands erster Teilnahme ehemalige griechische Vertreter als Gastkünstler auftreten. Die Show fand am Like other nature spirits, Pan appears to be older than the Olympians , if it is true that he gave Artemis her hunting dogs and taught the secret of prophecy to Apollo.

The goat-god Aegipan was nurtured by Amalthea with the infant Zeus in Crete. According to some traditions, Aegipan was the son of Pan, rather than his father. One of the famous myths of Pan involves the origin of his pan flute , fashioned from lengths of hollow reed.

Syrinx was a lovely wood- nymph of Arcadia, daughter of Ladon , the river-god. As she was returning from the hunt one day, Pan met her. To escape from his importunities, the fair nymph ran away and didn't stop to hear his compliments. He pursued from Mount Lycaeum until she came to her sisters who immediately changed her into a reed. When the air blew through the reeds, it produced a plaintive melody.

The god, still infatuated, took some of the reeds, because he could not identify which reed she became, and cut seven pieces or according to some versions, nine , joined them side by side in gradually decreasing lengths, and formed the musical instrument bearing the name of his beloved Syrinx.

Henceforth Pan was seldom seen without it. Echo was a nymph who was a great singer and dancer and scorned the love of any man. This angered Pan, a lecherous god, and he instructed his followers to kill her.

Echo was torn to pieces and spread all over earth. The goddess of the earth, Gaia , received the pieces of Echo, whose voice remains repeating the last words of others. In some versions, Echo and Pan had two children: In other versions, Pan had fallen in love with Echo, but she scorned the love of any man but was enraptured by Narcissus.

As Echo was cursed by Hera to only be able to repeat words that had been said by someone else, she could not speak for herself. She followed Narcissus to a pool, where he fell in love with his own reflection and changed into a narcissus flower. Echo wasted away, but her voice could still be heard in caves and other such similar places. Pan also loved a nymph named Pitys , who was turned into a pine tree to escape him.

Disturbed in his secluded afternoon naps, Pan's angry shout inspired panic panikon deima in lonely places. Pan is famous for his sexual powers, and is often depicted with a phallus. Diogenes of Sinope , speaking in jest, related a myth of Pan learning masturbation from his father, Hermes , and teaching the habit to shepherds. Pan's greatest conquest was that of the moon goddess Selene. He accomplished this by wrapping himself in a sheepskin [28] to hide his hairy black goat form, and drew her down from the sky into the forest where he seduced her.

In two late Roman sources, Hyginus [29] and Ovid , [30] Pan is substituted for the satyr Marsyas in the theme of a musical competition agon , and the punishment by flaying is omitted. Pan once had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apollo , and to challenge Apollo, the god of the lyre , to a trial of skill. Tmolus , the mountain-god, was chosen to umpire. Pan blew on his pipes and gave great satisfaction with his rustic melody to himself and to his faithful follower, Midas , who happened to be present.

Then Apollo struck the strings of his lyre. Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and all but Midas agreed with the judgment.

Midas dissented and questioned the justice of the award. Apollo would not suffer such a depraved pair of ears any longer and turned Midas' ears into those of a donkey. In another version of the myth, the first round of the contest was a tie, so the competitors were forced to hold a second round. In this round, Apollo demanded that they play their instruments upside-down. Apollo, playing the lyre, was unaffected. However, Pan's pipe could not be played while upside down, so Apollo won the contest.

The constellation Capricornus is traditionally depicted as a sea-goat, a goat with a fish's tail see "Goatlike" Aigaion called Briareos, one of the Hecatonchires. A myth reported as "Egyptian" in Hyginus ' Poetic Astronomy [31] that would seem to be invented to justify a connection of Pan with Capricorn says that when Aegipan — that is Pan in his goat-god aspect — [32] was attacked by the monster Typhon , he dove into the Nile ; the parts above the water remained a goat, but those under the water transformed into a fish.

Aegocerus "goat-horned" was an epithet of Pan descriptive of his figure with the horns of a goat. Pan could be multiplied into a swarm of Pans, and even be given individual names, as in Nonnus ' Dionysiaca , where the god Pan had twelve sons that helped Dionysus in his war against the Indians.

Two other Pans were Agreus and Nomios. Both were the sons of Hermes, Agreus' mother being the nymph Sose, a prophetess: Nomios' mother was Penelope not the same as the wife of Odysseus.

He was an excellent shepherd, seducer of nymphs, and musician upon the shepherd's pipes. Most of the mythological stories about Pan are actually about Nomios, not the god Pan. Although, Agreus and Nomios could have been two different aspects of the prime Pan, reflecting his dual nature as both a wise prophet and a lustful beast.

Aegipan , literally "goat-Pan," was a Pan who was fully goatlike, rather than half-goat and half-man. When the Olympians fled from the monstrous giant Typhoeus and hid themselves in animal form, Aegipan assumed the form of a fish-tailed goat.

Later he came to the aid of Zeus in his battle with Typhoeus, by stealing back Zeus' stolen sinews. As a reward the king of the gods placed him amongst the stars as the Constellation Capricorn. The mother of Aegipan, Aix the goat , was perhaps associated with the constellation Capra.

The Sybarite Pan was conceived when a Sybarite shepherd boy named Krathis copulated with a pretty she-goat amongst his herds. According to the Greek historian Plutarch in De defectu oraculorum , "The Obsolescence of Oracles" , [34] Pan is the only Greek god other than Asclepius who actually dies.

During the reign of Tiberius 14—37 CE , the news of Pan's death came to one Thamus, a sailor on his way to Italy by way of the island of Paxi. A divine voice hailed him across the salt water, "Thamus, are you there? When you reach Palodes , [35] take care to proclaim that the great god Pan is dead.

Christian apologists such as G. Chesterton have repeated and amplified the significance of the "death" of Pan, suggesting that with the "death" of Pan came the advent of theology.

To this effect, Chesterton once said, "It is said truly in a sense that Pan died because Christ was born. It is almost as true in another sense that men knew that Christ was born because Pan was already dead. A void was made by the vanishing world of the whole mythology of mankind, which would have asphyxiated like a vacuum if it had not been filled with theology.

In more modern times, some have suggested a possible a naturalistic explanation for the myth. Van Teslaar [40] that the sailors actually heard the excited shouts of the worshipers of Tammuz , Thamus Panmegas tethneke , "All-great Tammuz is dead!

However, a naturalistic explanation might not be needed. For example, William Hansen [42] has shown that the story is quite similar to a class of widely known tales known as Fairies Send a Message. One remarkable commentary of Herodotus [45] on Pan is that he lived years before himself c.

In the late 18th century, interest in Pan revived among liberal scholars. Richard Payne Knight discussed Pan in his Discourse on the Worship of Priapus as a symbol of creation expressed through sexuality. In the English town of Painswick in Gloucestershire , a group of 18th-century gentry, led by Benjamin Hyett, organised an annual procession dedicated to Pan, during which a statue of the deity was held aloft, and people shouted 'Highgates!

The tradition died out in the s, but was revived in by the new vicar, W. Seddon, who mistakenly believed that the festival had been ancient in origin. One of Seddon's successors, however, was less appreciative of the pagan festival and put an end to it in , when he had Pan's statue buried. John Keats 's "Endymion" opens with a festival dedicated to Pan where a stanzaic hymn is sung in praise of him.

Douglas Bush notes, 'The goat-god, the tutelary divinity of shepherds, had long been allegorized on various levels, from Christ to "Universall Nature" Sandys ; here he becomes the symbol of the romantic imagination, of supra-mortal knowledge.

In the late 19th century Pan became an increasingly common figure in literature and art. Patricia Merivale states that between and there was an "astonishing resurgence of interest in the Pan motif". Peter Pan's character is both charming and selfish emphasizing our cultural confusion about whether human instincts are natural and good, or uncivilised and bad.

Grahame's Pan, unnamed but clearly recognisable, is a powerful but secretive nature-god, protector of animals, who casts a spell of forgetfulness on all those he helps. He makes a brief appearance to help the Rat and Mole recover the Otter's lost son Portly. Arthur Machen 's novella The Great God Pan uses the god's name in a simile about the whole world being revealed as it really is: